Hanoi Capital - The heart of Vietnam
Hanoi is located along the two shore of Red River, between the prosperous Northern Delta. With the convenient position, Hanoi serves as the political, economic, cultural, scientific centre and also the important traffic hub of Vietnam.
In 1010, Hanoi was chosen as the capital city by King Ly Thai To and named as Thang Long, which presents the desire that the city will be more and more prosperous like a flying dragon. Thang Long in the past or Hanoi at present always serves as an important political, economic and cultural centre of Vietnam – a peaceful and unified nation with deserving position in the region and the world.
In 1831, the King Minh Mang of Nguyen dynasty replaced the name of Thang Long by Hanoi which means the city surrounded by a river, between prosperous Northern Delta. This place also retains a number of relics of a land which used to serve as the capital during 3 feudal societies of Ly, Tran, Le and now the capital of Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The decision to establish Thang Long capital originated from the natural features of this land, as written on “capital moving decision” of king Ly Cong Uan. With strategic view, the young king Ly Cong Uan saw that Hoa Lu despite the favourable position of between rugged mountains which is easy to protect, the current capital of Hoa Lu could not be the capital of a prosperous country in both military and economy. He then found out a place met with these demands called Dai La or Hanoi at present.
In “capital moving decision”, the rich in beauty capital appeared extremely vivid: “Dai La is in the centre position with the posture of flying dragon, sitting tiger. Terrain is convenient with mountain in the back and river in the head. Land is vast and plain, high and bright. Locals are not miserable due to natural disasters. Look through Vietnam, this land seems to be the best place servng as the gathering centre of the nation and also the first ranked capital of kings for good…” When the boat of the King arrived at Dai La, he saw a dragon flying in a cloud. This seemed to be a good sign. Thus, this land was named as Thang Long. This historical and legendary story reveals that Thang Long was constructed in an ideal position for the sustainable and strong development. After nearly 1000 years, there are huge differences in natural geology between Hanoi and Thang Long in the past.
From time immemorial, Hanoi has been famous for being a big commercial centre: “Kinh Ky first, Pho Hien second”. Moreover, with beautiful natural landscapes, elegant people, Hanoi has become the inspiration of artists and attractive to tourists from other regions. A number of other strengths of Hanoi would be exploited so that this city deserves as “the first ranked capital of king for good” as Ly Cong Uan once forecasted.